On May 3, 2023, the US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit sided with the policyholder, resolving a large insurance coverage dispute relating to a $100 million settlement involving claims under the federal Anti-Kickback Statute and the federal False Claims Act. Astellas US Holding, Inc. v. Fed. Ins. Co., No. 21-3075, 2023 WL 3221737 (7th Cir. May 3, 2023). In so doing, the court held that Illinois public policy does not forbid a liability insurer from covering its insured’s payments to resolve compensatory damages it may owe even if characterized by the government and insured as “restitutionary,” while reiterating that Illinois public policy prohibits insurance for “genuine restitution it owes the victims of its intentional wrongdoing.” Determining the amount of a False Claims Act (“FCA”) settlement that is compensatory in nature was made easier by a change in the tax code implemented by The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 requiring all False Claims Act settlements to detail the percentage of the settlement amount that is compensatory in nature (and, therefore, is tax deductible), providing an important marker for policyholders seeking insurance coverage for at least a portion of the settlements they reach to resolve FCA investigations.